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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 March 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Bhagat Singh symbolises the essence of revolutionary cult and character. A Political thinker with clear-cut views on rationalism, revolution and the future society the revolutionaries wanted to build. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

 

Why the question: The Punjab government’s decision to display a likeness of Bhagat Singh — based on a painting by one Amar Singh — rather than any of the revolutionary’s four available authentic photographs at its offices is illustrative of the approach taken over the years by India’s governments towards the hero who was hanged by the British on this day, March 23, ninety years ago.

Key Demand of the question: To write about how the philosophy and nature of revolution evolved under Bhagat Singh and its essential dimensions.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about the ideology of Bhagat Singh.

Body:

Mention how the ideology evolved. From the belief in violence and heroic action towards national liberation and then the building of a new socialist society.

Mention the features of the new revolution they believed in. Preventing exploitation of all forms, Freedom, justice, ending communalism, scientific temper etc. Mention the various approaches taken by him to achieve the above goals.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the legacy of Bhagat Singh.

 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization

2. The role of women in the police has been steadily increasing, though at a slow pace. But it must move beyond mere tokenism, so that they can champion the cause of women’s empowerment. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question: On March 8, International Women’s Day, a Commissioner of Police in Tamil Nadu appointed women police officers as “heads” of police stations for a day. These officers held the posts for precisely 24 hours.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the need to improve role of women in the police and give them actual powers and responsibilities in order to achieve women empowerment.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving a statistic about the number of women in the police force.

Body:

First, highlight the increasing role of women police with examples from across the forces. Write about the challenges associated – provide meaningful roles and equal opportunities to women police in the investigation of crime, law and order, traffic and patrolling duties.

Next, mention the role police women can play in empowerment process – A gender-diverse force is necessary to create a safe and secure environment for women and to achieve the larger national development goals. Women are more sensitive to the sufferings of others and have greater concern for the well-being of others. They often approach and solve problems from a different perspective than their male counterparts. It is widely recognised that women cops play a crucial role in responding to and preventing gender violence and crime against women and children.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. The National AYUSH Mission (NAM) is not only promoting AYUSH medical systems through cost effective AYUSH services but also playing an important in cultivations of medicinal species. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: Till date, the Ministry of Ayush has supported 59,350 farmers for cultivation of 84 medicinal plant species out of 140 prioritised medicinal plants, and covered 56,305 hectare area throughout the country from 2015-16 to 2020-21

Key Demand of the question: To write about National AYUSH Mission (NAM) and its various achievements especially in regards to cultivation of medicinal species.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the aims and objectives of The National AYUSH Mission (NAM).

Body:

First, write about the various features of The National AYUSH Mission (NAM) and steps taken towards promotion and mainstreaming of AYUSH services.

Next, about the how NAM is playing a part in the promotion of cultivations of medicinal species as part of medicinal plants component of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM). Write its various components and the its advantages.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Examine the role played by Foreign Direct Investment in the economy of the developing countries.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the role played by FDI in the emerging economies.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

Body:

Write the various aspects of FDI in emerging economies – First, international flows of capital, diversification of lending and investment, global integration of capital markets, allows the transfer of technology and can also promote competition in the domestic input market etc. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. The global transformation of trade through digitisation has added intricacies in international trade transactions. Therefore, a holistic approach has become more important than ever, in drafting the new Foreign Trade Policy (FTP), 2022. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:  To understand the present-day challenges in formulating a Foreign trade policy, as the focus has shifted to digitisation.

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how the trade dynamics across borders have changed in the past one decade.

Body:

First, mention the roles and responsibilities of DGFT (Director General of Foreign Trade) to take confidence of various stakeholders such as Industry chambers, trade associations, commodity boards etc.

Next, highlight the various factors of digitisation that brought a paradigm shift –  such as changing needs of a digital economy, role of GST, balancing the export and import industry, alignment of the FTP with the macro economic vision of the nation etc.

Next, analyse trade policy in the backdrop of restrictive trade policy tools such as tariffs, export restrictions, anti dumping duties etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that India needs to take a fine policy balance of promotion of Foreign trade alongside the Aatmanirbhar mission.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Enumerating the causes and consequences of mercury pollution, explain as to how the Minamata convention, as a legally binding treaty, seeks to combat harmful effects of mercury. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: DownToEarth

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:  To understand the present-day challenges in formulating a Foreign trade policy, as the focus has shifted to digitisation.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the Minamata convention and the nature of the treaty.

Body:

First, mention the various sources of mercury emissions – mercury mining, chemical and petrochemical industries and also in household products like compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and thermometers, coal-fired power plants and industrial effluents etc.

Next, highlight the consequences of mercury pollution – Minamata disease, bio-magnifies up in the food chain, and easily enters the human body and impacts the nervous system etc.

Next, explain the various methods and objectives of Minamata convention in dealing with above issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward for India to deal with mercury pollution.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“We are like chameleons, we take our hue and the colour of our moral character, from those who are around us.”

― John Locke

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by explaining the quote in your own words.

Body:

Explain the role of influence from the family, teachers and friends in the shaping of our attitudes. Elaborate upon as to how these various factors leads to formation of moral attitudes and thereby governing our behaviour. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about need of cultivating the right attitude via positive influence.


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