2. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act 2021 expands the access to safe and legal abortion to ensure universal access to comprehensive care. Yet, the menace of unregulated and unsafe abortions continues unabated. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: the Quint
Why the question: Developing countries’ contribution is 97% of all unsafe abortions. More than half of them occur in Asia.
Key Demand of the question: To write about the continued menace of unsafe abortions despite various measures to promote safe and legal abortions.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving statistic with regards to abortions in India.
First, mention the features of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act 2021 expands the access to safe and legal abortion.
Next, write about the various factors as to why the practise of illegal and unsafe abortions continues in the county – lack of awareness, discrimination, stigma, lack of counselling etc. Write about its impact on the women.
Conclude with a way forward to tackle this menace.