Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
3. India and Australia, two of the largest powers among the littoral states of the Indian Ocean, play important geopolitical roles in the security and stability of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Elaborate. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate.
Reference: the Hindu
Why the question: Australia is celebrating India’s 75 years of Independence by making the largest single investment in our bilateral relationship.
Key Demand of the question: To write about the various facets of India-Australia relations especially with respect to security and stability of the Indian Ocean Region.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context regarding the progress of Indo-Australian relations in the recent times.
Discuss first the possible prospects that Australia and India have in the IOR – Australia is rich in natural resources that India’s growing economy needs. Its armed forces, hardened by international combat, are widely respected. Canberra’s intelligence establishment is valued in many parts of the world. Australia has deep economic, political and security connections with the ASEAN etc. Bilateral trade and investment between the countries.
Next, write about the recent developments – formation of AUKUS, QUAD and turmoil in Ukraine and its impact on the bilateral relations between the two nations,
Conclude with a way forward.