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Account for the various impediments which prevent India from achieving ‘atmanirbharta’ in defence. Suggest steps to overcome them and achieve strategic autonomy in key defence technologies.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

6. Account for the various impediments which prevent India from achieving ‘atmanirbharta’ in defence. Suggest steps to overcome them and achieve strategic autonomy in key defence technologies. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Although Kyiv and New Delhi are 4,500 km apart, the reverberations of Russia’s military assault on Ukraine are being acutely felt on Raisina Hill. The impact of this conflict on India, while no less severe, will be different in scope and ambit from Europe.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about impediments to ‘atmanirbharta’ in defence and suggest measures to overcome them.

Directive word:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the overview of Indian defence industry and its dependence on imports

Body:

Firstly, write about the various which prevent India from achieving ‘atmanirbharta’ – historical neglect, indifference towards national security, Lack of long-term vision for India’s Defence Technology Industrial Base (DTIB), The bureaucracy’s incomprehension of military technology, Lack of accountability for missing time, cost or performance targets etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above and achieve the defence targets and atmanirbharta in defence.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.