GS Paper 3:
Topics Covered: Employment Related issues.
The RSS has passed a resolution calling for a labour-intensive Bharatiya Economic Model in view of rising unemployment in the country.
What does the resolution say?
- Society must come forward and participate in building an Atmanirbhar Bharat where the economic model is based on Indian values.
- The model should be human-centric, labour intensive, eco-friendly and lay stress on decentralisation and equitable distribution of benefits.
- It should augment village economy, microscale, small scale and agro-based industries.
- Thrust areas as rural employability, unorganised sector employment and employment of women as solutions to unemployment.
- It also urged the youth to come out of the mentality of seeking only jobs. An environment conducive to encouraging entrepreneurship should be created by educating and counselling people, especially youth.
- India’s unemployment rate has been rising, and when the effects of demonetisation and the pandemic have hit the economy and dried up opportunities.
- The unemployment rate went up to 7.91% in December 2021 from 6.3% in 2018-19 and 4.7% in 2017-18.
- The manufacturing sector is said to have lost 9.8 million jobs between 2019-20 and December 2021.
What needs to be done?
- By pushing the government to support small and medium enterprises in the manufacturing sector.
- By working with the youth at the grassroots to “help them engage into entrepreneurial ventures through agri-allied activities and other self-employment opportunities”.
- There are ample opportunities for creation of jobs in rural India through industrialisation, food processing, agri-allied activities such as animal husbandry, bamboo farming, pisciculture etc.
- Unemployment rate in India.
- Types of Unemployment.
- Government schemes in this regard.
Comment on the significance of a labour-intensive Bharatiya Economic Model.
Sources: Indian Express.