GS Paper 2:
Topics Covered: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
The Rural Development Ministry has taken the following initiatives to ensure timely completion of the houses under PMAY-G:
- Regular review of progress at the level of the Ministry to ensure timely completion of targeted houses.
- Daily monitoring on various parameters like gaps in sanction of houses, cleaning of PWL of PMAY-G.
- Timely allocation of targets to the States/UTs and release of adequate funds at the level of the ministry.
- Promotion of eco-friendly & innovative technologies for house construction.
- Steps are being taken to increase the coverage of Rural Mason Training (RMT) programme which would increase the availability of trained masons leading to faster construction of quality houses.
Performance of the scheme:
Under the scheme, 2.28 crore houses have been sanctioned to the beneficiaries, out of which 1.75 crore houses have been completed as on 9 March 2022.
About PMAY- G:
Ministry: Ministry of Rural Development.
The erstwhile rural housing scheme Indira Awaas yojana (IAY) has been restructured into Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana –Gramin (PMAY-G) from 01.04.2016.
PMAY-G aims at providing a pucca house, with basic amenities, to all houseless householder and those households living in kutcha and dilapidated house, by 2024.
Target: Construction of 2.95 crore houses with all basic amenities by the year 2024.
The cost of unit assistance in this scheme is shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90: 10 for North Eastern and Himalayan States.
The scheme envisages training of Rural Masons with the objective of improving workmanship and quality of construction of houses while at the same time, increasing availability of skilled masons and enhancing employability of such masons.
Selection of beneficiaries:
Based on housing deprivation parameters of Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC), 2011, subject to 13 point exclusion criteria, followed by Gram Sabha verification.