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Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana:

GS Paper 2:

Topics Covered: Issues related to health.



The Odisha government recently distributed smart health cards to beneficiaries under its flagship Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana.


About the Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana:

Launched on August 15, 2018.

Aimed at providing Universal Health coverage, with special emphasis on the health protection of economically vulnerable families.

The scheme has two components:

  1. One a free health services for all (irrespective of income, status or residence) in all state government healthcare facilities starting from sub center level up to District Head Quarter Hospital level.
  2. Two, additional facility of free healthcare beyond District Headquarters hospital level, for over 70 lakh economically vulnerable families in the state.



After the announcement on Independence day last year, all families covered under National Food Security Act (NFSA) and SFSA also became eligible for BSKY.


Benefits under the scheme:

  • Every family enrolled under Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana is eligible for Rs 5 lakh from the state government, while women get cover of Rs 10 lakh under this scheme.
  • All health services are free of cost, including free drugs, free diagnostics, free dialysis, free cancer chemotherapy, free OT, free ICU, in-patient admission etc., in all government health institutions up to district headquarters hospital level, for all persons.


BSKY vs Ayushman Bharat:

Almost a month after the launch of BSKY, the central government had launched its health scheme — Ayushman Bharat – on September 28, 2018. Odisha is one of the only four states which has not accepted the health coverage scheme.


Key differences:

  • The package cap: Rs 5 lakh a year under Ayushman Bharat but goes upto Rs 10 lakh under BSKY.
  • Coverage: BSKY covers over 90 lakh families, Ayushman Bharat can cover only 60 lakh families.


Insta Curious:

Did you know that the National Health Authority has also been given the responsibility to implement the National Digital Health Mission? Reference: read this.



Prelims Link:

  1. Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana.
  2. Components of Ayushman Bharat.
  3. PMJAY- Key features.
  4. Eligibility.
  5. About the National Health Agency.
  6. SEHAT scheme.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance and potential of PMJAY.

Sources: Indian Express.