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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 March 2022

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. Elaborate upon the roles and contributions of Morarji Desai towards nation-building in post-independent India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Business Standard

Why the question:

PM Modi pays homage to former PM Morarji Desai on his birth anniversary

Key Demand of the question:

The varied role played by Morarji Desai as a nation builder and his peace activism.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate them with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about Morarji Desai and his contribution to India’s freedom struggle.

Body:

Write about the role played by Morarji Desai in post-independent India – as a leader, as a peace activist, as an opposition leader, etc.

Also, enumerate various contributions towards nation building e.g. fight for political rights during emergency, stabilising after emergency and undoing its wrong, providing an alternative to congress, Against Inequality etc.

Next, write about his efforts as a peace activist – efforts to initiate peace between, Pakistan and India, restoring friendly relations with China and Pakistan and vowed to avoid armed conflict.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising his contributions.

 

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. ‘Climate change is adding to complexities of monsoon predictions at regional and local levels’. In this context, briefly describe how the Monsoon mission will help improve the overall understanding of Monsoon. (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

India will soon lunch the third phase of the Monsoon Mission

Key Demand of the question:

Details of Monsoon mission and its contributions

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction of Indian Monsoon and how IMD predicts it.

Body:

Give reason for erratic and late withdrawal of monsoon e.g. La Nina, positive IOD, warming sea surface temperature of Arabian and Bay of Bengal Sea

Briefly describe Monsoon Mission: First launched in 2012, the Monsoon Mission has been a flagship project undertaken by the MoES to improve the overall understanding of Indian monsoons.

Bring out its role for improving monsoon understanding and mitigating the impact of climate change.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing the above.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, Organization and Functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

3. The endemic delay in Indian courts is one of the most discussed topics in judicial reform. Examine. Also, mention the efforts needed to improve the Judicial Institutions on this front. (250 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The issues relating to the Indian Judiciary have been in news, and often more because of Pandemic induced delays

Key Demand of the question:

Mention the reasons for delays in Indian courts, and reforms needed in this perspective

Directive word:

Examine– When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on the present status relating to delays and pendency in Indian Courts

Body:

First, the mention the reasons for delays in Indian courts, highlighting the key facts and issues  

Further, mention the efforts needed to improve the Judicial Institutions on this front, focusing on particular recommendations if any

Conclusion:

A relevant closing statement

 

Topic: Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure

4. Despite India adopting Secularism as a core philosophy of its Constitution, it is still fraught with challenges. Analyse. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The issues relating to Secularism have been in news recently

Key Demand of the question:

The perspective of Secularism in India, and the related challenges

Directive word:

Analyze- here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and presenting them as a whole in a summary

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on Secularism in the Indian context

Body:

First, mention how Secularism is a core philosophy of Indian constitution – Preamble, Article, Judgements

Then, mention the challenges associated with Secularism in India

Recommendations to better realise a secular India

Conclusion:

A relevant closing statement

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic -Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Explain what is GDP and GVA and how are they useful in growth calculation? (250 words) 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Basic Economy, NCERT

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what GDP and GVA are and how are they useful in the calculation of the growth of a country.

Structure of the answer

Introduction

Explain what GDP and GVA are.

GVA is the measure of total output and income in the economy. It provides the rupee value for the amount of goods and services produced in an economy after deducting the cost of inputs and raw materials that have gone into the production of those goods and services. It also gives a sector-specific picture like what is the growth in an area, industry or sector of an economy. GDP is the economic output from the consumers’ side. It is the sum of private consumption, gross investment in the economy, government investment, government spending and net foreign trade

Body

Explain how GDP differs from GVA. While GVA gives a picture of the state of economic activity from the producers’ side or supply side, the GDP gives the picture from the consumers’ side or demand perspective. Both measures need not match because of the difference in treatment of net taxes.

Explain how they are useful for the calculation of growth- A sector-wise breakdown provided by the GVA measure can better help the policymakers to decide which sectors need incentives/stimulus or vice versa. Some consider GVA as a better gauge of the economy because a sharp increase in the output, only due to higher tax collections which could be on account of better compliance or coverage, may distort the real output situation.

Mention the new method of calculation of GDP introduced in 2015.

Conclusion:

Keep a balanced view as both GVA and GDP are important for growth calculation

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

6. Briefly discuss the major criticisms of planning in India, as well as the measures/actions by the government to do away with them in later decades. (250 Words)

Reference: NCERT Class XI

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key demand of the question:

Criticism of planning in India

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Give a brief introduction about the planning process in India

Body:

Mention major criticisms e.g. lack of perspective planning, failure to promote balanced growth, centralized nature of planning, etc.

In each, mention the action that has been taken to correct it.

Conclusion:

Despite the shortcomings in the planning process, India with its focus on inclusive development and timely interventions has, however, been able to weather the crisis better than many other countries.

 


General Studies – 4


 

7. “Feelings can’t be ignored, no matter how unjust and ungrateful they seem”- Anne Frank (150 Words)

 


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