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Tribal languages are a treasure trove of knowledge about a region’s flora, fauna and medicinal plants. However, when a language declines, that knowledge system is completely gone. Suggest steps to safeguard these endangered languages.

Topic: Diversity of India.

3. Tribal languages are a treasure trove of knowledge about a region’s flora, fauna and medicinal plants. However, when a language declines, that knowledge system is completely gone. Suggest steps to safeguard these endangered languages. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

There are 7,000 living languages in the world and around 3,000 are considered as ‘endangered’. This means that almost half of the planet’s current linguistic diversity is under threat. The situation in India is alarming. Some 197 languages are in various stages of endangerment in our country, more than any other country in the world.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ways to safeguard endangered tribal languages in India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic regarding tribal languages in India and examples of endangered tribal languages in India.

Body:

In the first part, rich repository of tribal languages and its various applications citing examples. Write about the implications of decline of language systems.

Next, suggest measures to safeguard and protect these endangered tribal languages – Mother Tongue Based Multi-Lingual Education, innovative, cultural and entertainment programmes, UNESCO list of endangered languages etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.