Print Friendly, PDF & Email

The Fundamental Duties serve as a reminder that while the Constitution conferred certain Fundamental Rights, it also requires citizens to observe certain basic norms of democratic conduct and democratic behaviour. In the light of this statement, should fundamental duties be enforced? Critically examine.

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

5. The Fundamental Duties serve as a reminder that while the Constitution conferred certain Fundamental Rights, it also requires citizens to observe certain basic norms of democratic conduct and democratic behaviour. In the light of this statement, should fundamental duties be enforced? Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Supreme Court on Monday asked the Centre and States to respond to a petition to enforce the fundamental duties of citizens, including patriotism and unity of the nation, through “comprehensive, well-defined laws”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about whether or not fundamental duties should be enforced.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving brief about Article 51 and Part IV-A of the constitution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the rationale behind enactment of article 51, its aims and objectives that it strives to achieve.

Next, write about the advantages of enforcing certain fundamental duties – greater unity, spirit of fraternity etc

Next, wite about drawbacks of enforcing fundamental duties – lack of enforcing mechanism, additional burden on governance etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.