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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 February 2022

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

 

1.  Though separated by short distances, the pictorial styles that emerged and evolved in various sub-schools of Rajput style of paintings were significantly diverse in terms of execution. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough   

Reference: Indian art and culture – Nitin Singhania

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the main style and themes of Rajput (Rajasthani) School and its main centers.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write in brief about aesthetics of Rajput paintings and their origins.

Body:

In the first part, write about the main style and themes that are depicted in the paintings. Elements depicted, colors used, notable genre and any other important features.

Next, write about the major centers where it flourished – Mewar School, Bundi school and Kishangarh school. Write about their important features.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting their special place in the artistic history of India.

 


Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Rukmini Devi Arundale catalyzed the renaissance of the Bharatanatyam dance form, to preserve and popularize it and other Indian traditions. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy                                                                       

Reference: Indian art and culture – Nitin Singhania

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the contributions of Rukmini Devi Arundale toward reviving and achieving global recognition to Bharatanatyam.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write a brief introduction about Rukmini Devi Arundale – as a person and a performer of Bharatanatyam.

Body:

Mention about the status of Bharatanatyam in its original ‘sadhir’ style prevalent amongst the temple dancers, the Devadasis and was considered a vulgar art.

Write about the role that Rukmini Devi Arundale played in popularizing the movement – Rukmini Devi Arundale was also instrumental in modifying mainly the Pandanallur style of Bharata Natyam and bringing it to the attention of the West.  Rukmini Devi raised Bharata Natyam to a puritan art form, by removing certain emotional elements evocative of the erotic, such as hip, neck, lip and chest movements) from the Pandanallur style. 

Next, write about the other contributions of Rukmini Devi.

Conclusion:

Write about Bharatanatyam in the present day due to the efforts of Rukmini Devi.

 


Topic:  Social empowerment

3. The path to true inclusion of LGBTIA+ community begins with putting an end to violence and harassment against them and beginning sensitization about them among the echelons of the society. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: New Indian Express

 

Why the question: In a welcome move, the Tamil Nadu government recently amended its police conduct rules to bar harassment of LGBTQIA+ individuals and persons working to help them.

Key Demand of the question: To write about achieving inclusivity among for the LGBTQIA+ community.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin about the giving context about the recent move by Tamil Nadu regarding LGBTQIA+ community.

Body:

First, write about the various issues face the LGBTQIA+ in various aspect such as employment, housing, co-living, rights, harassment, lack of counselling.

Next, write about the importance of ending harassment and beginning sensitization with respect to the LGBTQIA+ community.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to further streamline the community to achieve true inclusivity.

 


General Studies – 2

 


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 

4. The transformative potential of Artificial Intelligence in governance must be harnessed to bridge the gap between the state and the citizens as well as to improve service delivery. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: New Indian Express 

 

Why the question: One of the most interesting elements of public policy in India these days is tracking where artificial intelligence is being used as a multiplier and what impact it is generating.

Key Demand of the question: To write about how artificial intelligence will transform governance to improve service delivery and what applications will these technologies offer in the near future.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the rising use of A.I in governance with examples.

Body:

First, mention the potential uses of artificial Intelligence and machine learning in governance and its advantages – efficiency, transparency, seamless connectivity etc. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, mention various limitations and bottlenecks that hinder use of A.I in governance to improve service delivery – security issues, privacy, lack of infrastructure etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

5. A multi-lingual approach to education with foundational learning in mother tongue would create new opportunities for learning and leading to creation of opportunities in skill development and employment. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

 

Why the question: Tapping technology for multilingual learning: As the theme of International Mother Language Day 2022, it has much relevance in reshaping Indian higher education.

Key Demand of the question: To explain in detail how multi-lingual approach especially Mother tongue is critically important for cognitive, psychological and personality development, education and learning.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of language in general.

Body:

Discuss the significance of mother tongue in personality development. Present the issues due to lack of emphasis on mother tongue such as – Difficult learning: Incomplete first language skills often make learning other languages more difficult. Cognitive conflict: when a child finds a discrepancy between what he thinks the world should be and what he finds it as, emanating from forced situation of learning in a second language etc. Mention about NEP 2020 stand in this regard.

Next, write about the limitations of multi-lingual approach – lack of proficiency in English, opportunity costs, competition etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

6. Distributed renewable energy projects have greater scalability and offer substantive livelihood benefits. Comment in the light of Draft Policy Framework for developing and promoting Decentralized Renewable Energy (DRE) Livelihood Application. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: DownToEarth

 

Why the question: The Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) released a draft policy framework February 14, 2022 for DRE livelihood applications. The ministry intended to achieve its objective of s decentralised and distributed renewable energy supply in the country, particularly for rural populations with little or no access to power.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the advantages of Distributed renewable energy projects.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining Distributed renewable energy (DRE)

Body:

First, give contexts regarding Draft Policy Framework for developing and promoting Decentralized Renewable Energy (DRE) Livelihood Application.

Next, write about the pros of DRE’s in India – scalability, livelihood improvement, cost effectiveness, easy maintenance, improving rural incomes.

Next, write about the limitations of DRE’s – capacity addition, procurement, lack of uniform policy etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward to harness the true potential of DRE’s.

 

 

 


General Studies – 4


Topics: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

 

7. Gandhian Trusteeship was an ‘Instrument of Human Dignity’. Elaborate. (150 words)

 

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question: To explain about the trusteeship of Mahatma Gandhi and its aim of protecting dignity of beings over materialism.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining the core idea of trusteeship philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi.

Body:

Further elaborate the concept of trusteeship with examples from Gandhian times to contemporary times. Gandhi’s economic ideas were part of his general crusade against poverty, exploitation against socio-economic injustice, and deteriorating moral standards.

He wanted to liberate the modern economic philosophy from the quagmire of materialism and bring it to a higher spiritual plane. Human actions were motivated by social objectives of the protection of human rights.

Conclusion:

End the answer by stressing the need and importance of trusteeship in present times.

 


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