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A multi-lingual approach to education with foundational learning in mother tongue would create new opportunities for learning and leading to creation of opportunities in skill development and employment. Critically examine.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

5. A multi-lingual approach to education with foundational learning in mother tongue would create new opportunities for learning and leading to creation of opportunities in skill development and employment. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

 

Why the question: Tapping technology for multilingual learning: As the theme of International Mother Language Day 2022, it has much relevance in reshaping Indian higher education.

Key Demand of the question: To explain in detail how multi-lingual approach especially Mother tongue is critically important for cognitive, psychological and personality development, education and learning.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of language in general.

Body:

Discuss the significance of mother tongue in personality development. Present the issues due to lack of emphasis on mother tongue such as – Difficult learning: Incomplete first language skills often make learning other languages more difficult. Cognitive conflict: when a child finds a discrepancy between what he thinks the world should be and what he finds it as, emanating from forced situation of learning in a second language etc. Mention about NEP 2020 stand in this regard.

Next, write about the limitations of multi-lingual approach – lack of proficiency in English, opportunity costs, competition etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.