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What were the factors and forces behind the rise of Bhakti movement in India? Throw light of nature of Bhakti movement in south India.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. What were the factors and forces behind the rise of Bhakti movement in India? Throw light of nature of Bhakti movement in south India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian art and culture – Nitin Singhania.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about origins of Bhakti movement and its nature in south India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining bhakti movement of medieval in India.

Body:

First, mention the factors behind rise of Bhakti – orthodoxy of priests, caste system, oppression of women, impact of Sufism, establishment of Turkish rule and role of Bhakti saints.

Next, mention the nature of bhakti movement in south India – the bhakti of Alvars and Nayanars, Basavanna etc and their important features.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the impact of Bhakti movement.