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Improper disposal of antibiotics by pharma companies is a serious matter of concern as it could lead to antibiotic resistance due to source pollution. Examine.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Improper disposal of antibiotics by pharma companies is a serious matter of concern as it could lead to antibiotic resistance due to source pollution. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

Every third of the antibiotic manufacturing industries examined by the Himachal Pradesh Pollution Control Board have been found to be in violation of the discharge limits prescribed for Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETP), according to a new report.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how improper disposal of antibiotics can lead to resistance.

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining anti-biotic resistance.

Body:

First, write about how improper disposal leading to source pollution can lead to serious health hazards such as antibiotic resistance. Mention its impact on human health.

Next, suggest steps to check source pollution of antibiotics – proper disposal mechanisms, accountability of pharma companies, monitoring and creating awareness etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.