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The slow march to justice for undertrials must be seen in the context of a criminal justice system in need of an immediate overhaul especially the prison reforms. Elucidate.

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. The slow march to justice for undertrials must be seen in the context of a criminal justice system in need of an immediate overhaul especially the prison reforms. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

During the pandemic, the mass incarceration of undertrials led to a humanitarian crisis in overcrowded prisons. Prison officials struggled to prevent mass contagion among inmates and staff, even as thousands fell ill and many died.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about reforms to criminal justice system and prison reforms.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing a statistic regarding the undertrial prisoners in India.

Body:

First, mention the impact of larger number of undertrial prisoners and its impact – overcrowding, impact of covid-19, slow place of justice, impact on mental health etc.

Next, suggest measures reforms that are needed to the criminal justice system and measures to reduce overcrowding of prisons. Add recommendations of various committees in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.