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Sri Madhvacharya:

GS Paper 1:

Topics Covered: Indian Art and Culture.

 

Context:

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi recently paid his obeisances to Sri Madhvacharya on the occasion of Madhva Navami.

 

Current Affairs

 

About Sri Madhvacharya:

Shri Madhvacharya was born near Udupi. He was born in 1238, on the auspicious day of Vijayadashami, and he was named Vasudeva.

  • He was the third of the trinity of philosophers who influenced Indian thoughts after the ages of the Vedas and Puranas (the other two being Shankaracharya and Ramanujacharya).
  • He propounded the philosophy of Dwaita or Dualism.
  • It was Achyutapreksha who gave him the title ‘Madhva’ by which he was more famously known.
  • Literary works: He wrote various texts that detailed his philosophy which he called Tattvavada, or as it is more popularly known, Dvaita. Some of his works were the Gita Bhashya, Brahma Sutra Bhashya, Anu Bhashya, Karma Nirnaya, and Vishnu Tattva Nirnaya.

 

About Dvaita philosophy:

  • The basic tenet of Dvaita philosophy is the refutation of the Mayavada of Sri Shankara. Dvaitha emphasizes that the world is real and not just an illusion.
  • The soul is bound to this world through ignorance.
  • The way for the soul to release itself from this bondage is to seek the grace of Sri Hari.
  • To reach Sri Hari, one has to practice Bhakthi, there is no other way.
  • To practice Bhakthi, one needs to meditate.
  • To meditate, one needs to clear the mind and attain detachment by studying the sacred texts.

Sources: PIB.