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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 February 2022

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Several walks of Indian life were greatly affected by the Turkish conquest. Throw light on its socio-cultural impact. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian art and culture – Nitin Singhania.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the socio-cultural impact of establishment of Delhi Sultanate.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about establishment of Delhi Sultanate and its multitude of impact.

Body:

Write in detail about the impact of established of Delhi sultanate – Iqta System, changes in caste system, emergence of privileged class in villages, urbanization, Sufi movement, introduction of languages, new forms of art and architecture, emergence of new social evils etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing the overall socio-cultural impact.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Works of art give us an insight into how the society relates itself to its surroundings. Elaborate in light of Harappan art. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian art and culture – Nitin Singhania.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Harappan art and its relation with Harappan society.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about Harappan art.  

Body:

Mention the major elements of Harappan art – Dancing girl of Harappa, Stone sculpture of Mohenjo-Daro, Terracotta figures obtained all over from Harappan civilization, Bead, Copper sculptures. Link as to how the above mentioned works of art give an insight in Harappan society.

Conclusion:

Summarize with respect to Harappan art.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. A Uniform Civil Code (UCC) which is sourced upon the best traditions and harmonizes them with the modern constitutional values of India is an essential step in the overall development of the country. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

On the last day of campaigning for the Assembly polls, Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami promised that the BJP, if re-elected, would enact a uniform civil code (UCC) for the state.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role a finely balanced UCC could play the development of the country.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning article 44.

Body:

First, explaining the aims and objectives behind UCC in India.

Next, discuss in detail role a finely balanced UCC could play the development of the country – uniformity of laws, achieving equality, simplification of law, progressive measure etc.

Next, discuss in detail the arguments against the UCC in India which might affect development adversely – Lack of consensus, against cultural diversity, right of minorities, tribal customs etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion regarding UCC.

 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. The slow march to justice for undertrials must be seen in the context of a criminal justice system in need of an immediate overhaul especially the prison reforms. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

During the pandemic, the mass incarceration of undertrials led to a humanitarian crisis in overcrowded prisons. Prison officials struggled to prevent mass contagion among inmates and staff, even as thousands fell ill and many died.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about reforms to criminal justice system and prison reforms.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing a statistic regarding the undertrial prisoners in India.

Body:

First, mention the impact of larger number of undertrial prisoners and its impact – overcrowding, impact of covid-19, slow place of justice, impact on mental health etc.

Next, suggest measures reforms that are needed to the criminal justice system and measures to reduce overcrowding of prisons. Add recommendations of various committees in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. Farmers Producers Organisations (FPO’s) play a vital role to enhance productivity through efficient and cost-effective methods ensuring sustainable income-oriented farming. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: New Indian Express

Why the question:

Strict enforcement of lockdown across the globe impacted economic activities, employment and income. India was no exception, witnessing contraction in Gross Value Added (GVA) by 6.2%. However, one sector that withstood the tsunami was agriculture, registering an above-average real growth of 3.6% in 2020–21. It is but natural that special measures were to be taken to strengthen the sector.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of Farmers Producers Organisations (FPO’s) in improving farmer incomes.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining what FPOs are.

Body:

First, mention the need for FPO’s – Factors like poor supply chain management, lack of modernization, and the declining average size of farm holdings are some of the reasons for agrarian distress. Moreover, these factors affect the small farmers to a bigger magnitude.

Next, Discuss the benefits emanating from FPO – enhance the farmers’ economic strength and market linkages for improving their income, increasing procurement efficacy, increasing awareness level of farmer etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward by mentioning FPO’s as a way to double farmers income.

 

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks,

6. The dual objectives of security concerns and Atmanirbhartha behind banning the import of drones must be carefully implemented so as to not stifle growth of UAV ecosystem in India. Critically analyze. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint 

Why the question:

India’s ban on drone imports, coupled with an incentive scheme, aims to foster a thriving local industry. Yet, it’s unclear if this is the best way to serve our broad aim of self-reliance.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential ramifications behind banning om import of drones in India.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context regarding the ban on import of drones in India.

Body:

First, cite statistic to convey the extent of growth of UAV ecosystem in India. Mention various applications. Mention various rules introduced by the government to ensure growth of drones.

Next, write about the pros of ban on import of drones in India – security concerns, China issue, self-reliance in drones, further development of indigenous technology.

Next, write about the negatives – dependent on imports for raw material, supply chain gap, quality etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward to making India a global competitive hub for drones.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators ,Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

7. Do you think Plato’s four cardinal virtues are relevant in the present times? Justify with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the relevance of Plato’s cardinal virtues in  present day.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning about the Plato’s 4 cardinal virtues – Wisdom, Courage, Justice and Moderation.

Body:

In brief, describe the virtues of Plato and what they meant according to him. Four cardinal virtues on which rest all the remaining moral virtues.

Next, one by one, bring out the relevance of these virtues in present. Cite examples as to show how these virtues are still important.

For e.g. – Courage in times pandemic etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the overall importance of the virtues.


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