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Farmers Producers Organisations (FPO’s) play a vital role to enhance productivity through efficient and cost-effective methods ensuring sustainable income-oriented farming. Discuss.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. Farmers Producers Organisations (FPO’s) play a vital role to enhance productivity through efficient and cost-effective methods ensuring sustainable income-oriented farming. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: New Indian Express

Why the question:

Strict enforcement of lockdown across the globe impacted economic activities, employment and income. India was no exception, witnessing contraction in Gross Value Added (GVA) by 6.2%. However, one sector that withstood the tsunami was agriculture, registering an above-average real growth of 3.6% in 2020–21. It is but natural that special measures were to be taken to strengthen the sector.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of Farmers Producers Organisations (FPO’s) in improving farmer incomes.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining what FPOs are.

Body:

First, mention the need for FPO’s – Factors like poor supply chain management, lack of modernization, and the declining average size of farm holdings are some of the reasons for agrarian distress. Moreover, these factors affect the small farmers to a bigger magnitude.

Next, Discuss the benefits emanating from FPO – enhance the farmers’ economic strength and market linkages for improving their income, increasing procurement efficacy, increasing awareness level of farmer etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward by mentioning FPO’s as a way to double farmers income.