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Sachindra Nath Sanyal (1893 – 1942):

GS Paper 1:

Topics Covered: Freedom struggle and important Personalities.

 

Sachindra Nath Sanyal (1893 – 1942):

Context:

His 80th death anniversary was observed on 7th February this year. He was born in 1893.

 

His role in India’s struggle for Independence:

  • He was the founder of the Hindustan Republican Association. HRA was created to carry out armed resistance against the British Empire in India.
  • Sanyal founded a branch of the Anushilan Samiti in Patna in 1913.
  • In 1912 Delhi Conspiracy Trial, Sanyal with Rashbehari Bose attacked the then Viceroy Hardinge.
  • He was extensively involved in the plans for the Ghadar conspiracy, and went underground after it was exposed in February 1915. He was a close associate of Rash Behari Bose.
  • After Bose escaped to Japan, Sanyal was considered the most senior leader of India’s revolutionary movement.
  • He was a mentor for revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh.
  • Sanyal and Mahatma Gandhi engaged in a famous debate published in Young India between 1920 and 1924. Sanyal argued against Gandhi’s gradualist approach.

Sanyal was sentenced to life for his involvement in the Kakori Train Action  and was imprisoned at Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, where he wrote his book titled Bandi Jeevan (A Life of Captivity, 1922).

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Bandi Jeevan.
  2. the Kakori Train Action
  3. Bhagat Singh.
  4. Chandra Shekhar Azad.
  5. Ghadar party.
  6. Rash Behari Bose.

Mains Link:

Write a note on the Kakori Train Action Case.

Sources: PIB.