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National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC):

GS Paper 3:

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

It was recently informed in the Lok Sabha that under NAFCC, till date, 30 projects are sanctioned in 27 States and UTs.

 

What is NAFCC?

Established in August, 2015.

  • It aims to meet the cost of adaptation to climate change for the State and Union Territories of India that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

 

Implementation:

  • Considering the existing arrangement with NABARD as National Implementing Entity (NIE) for Adaptation Fund (AF) under Kyoto Protocol and its presence across the country, NABARD has been designated as National Implementing Entity (NIE) for implementation of adaptation projects under NAFCC.
  • NABARD would perform roles in facilitating identification of project ideas/concepts from State Action Plan for Climate Change (SAPCC), project formulation, appraisal, sanction, disbursement of fund, monitoring & evaluation and capacity building of stakeholders including State Governments.

 

Current Affairs

 

NAFCC Outcome Framework:

Fund level outcome parameters will consist of the following:

  • Reduced key risks and adverse impacts of climate change in water and agriculture sectors.
  • Maximised multi-sectoral, cross-sectoral benefits/co-benefits to meet the challenges of water and food security.
  • Human development, poverty alleviation, livelihood security and enhanced awareness of community.
  • Strengthened institutional & individual capacity to reduce risks associated with climate-induced socioeconomic and environmental losses.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know about the Adaptation Fund?

Established in 2001 under the Kyoto Protocol of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

  • It finances projects and programmes that help vulnerable communities in developing countries adapt to climate change.
  • Initiatives are based on country needs, views and priorities.

 

Financing:

The Fund is financed in part by government and private donors, and also from proceeds of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) issued under the Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism projects.

 

Governance:

The Fund is supervised and managed by the Adaptation Fund Board (AFB).

  • The AFB is composed of 16 members and 16 alternates and meets at least twice a year.
  • The World Bank serves as trustee of the Adaptation Fund on an interim basis.

Sources: PIB.