Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
4. What is climate smart agriculture? Delineate the scope of climate smart agriculture in India. Can it solve the twin crisis of achieving food security and tackling climate change? Critically analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: New Indian Express
Why the question:
Women from 18 villages from Nayagarh painted pots filled with seeds for Kharif season & promoted revival of traditional practice of growing indigenous crops that are adaptive to climate disturbance.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about climate smart agriculture, its scope in India and its potential to solve food security and climate change mitigation.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining climate smart agriculture.
First, write about the major features of climate smart agriculture.
Next, write about scope of climate smart agriculture pan India with examples – organic farming in Sikkim, climate smart agriculture in Odisha, zero budget natural farming etc. mention Various government initiatives to promote climate smart agriculture.
Next, mention the potential of climate smart agriculture in solving food security and climate change mitigation. Tie examples and statistic to substantiate your arguments.
Conclude by writing a way forward to further mains stream climate smart agriculture.