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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 January 2022

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Communalism

1. Communalism can be resisted, not by a different version of it, but only by constitutionalism. Examine the statement in the context of various provisions made to promote equality and fraternity in Indian Society. (250 Words.)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The New Indian Express

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how constitutionalism is key to tackle communalism prevailing in the society.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining constitutionalism and incidences of communal tensions in India.

Body:

First, giving statistics and examples, give a context about how constitutionalism helps in promoting equality and fraternity in India.

Next, write about how various provisions are present that go against these values thereby inciting communal tensions by giving examples.

Next, suggest measures to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, Organization and Functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government

2. Elaborate on the Powers and Position of President of India. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Easy

Reference: Polity by M. Laxmikanth

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable

Key Demand of the question:

The importance of Presidential Powers, as in the Indian Constitution

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account of the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate them with relevant associated facts

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on the Articles related to Presidential powers

Body:

First, mention the powers of the President, classifying them under various sub-headings

Then, mention the position of President, by mentioning his defining key roles, special powers, discretionary powers

Conclusion:

A relevant summarising statement

 

Topic: Structure, Organization and Functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government

3. Examine why the Indian Constitution provides for the executive ‘Clemency Powers’ under it? Also, highlight the differences between the Clemency powers of ‘President and Governor’. (250 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: Polity by M. Laxmikanth

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable

Key Demand of the question:

The importance of Clemency powers under the Indian Constitution

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on Clemency powers in Indian Constitution, detailing the Articles related to it

Body:

First, mention the scope and purpose of Clemency powers under Indian Constitution.

Then, mention the differences that exists between the powers of President and Governor

Conclusion:

A relevant closing statement

 

Topics : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Start-ups can play a key role to socialise and democratise the availability of healthcare in India. Elucidate (250Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question: 

The question was asked as the statement was given by the minister in the context of the rising need for healthcare solutions, especially during this pandemic time.

Key Demand of the question:

Highlight how start-ups can democratise healthcare in India

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the status and need of start-ups in the healthcare sector

Body:

Show by giving examples of how start-ups are making healthcare affordable and reachable to masses e.g. Pharmeasy has reduced the cost of medical tests and reached out to even remote locations to take samples. Emphasize how rural masses are being connected to best medical care using telemedicine, tele consultations.

Briefly enumerate some issues which restrict the democratization of healthcare e.g. digital divide, lack of awareness

Conclusion:

Conclude with a relevant way forward

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic :   Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

 5. Inducting LCA Tejas Fighter craft will enhance the strength of the Indian Air force with its state of Arts Technology. Analyse (150 Words)

 Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question

India is the world’s largest arms importer and given our economic size and talent pool, this is a matter of grave concern for us. In this context, the induction of LCA Tejas has been seen as a significant step towards the indigenisation of defence technology.

Directive word

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and presenting them in a summary

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to trace the development of LCA Tejas and analyse whether its induction will give India a significant advantage.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about LCA Tejas and the Indian defence imports. E.g. mention that India is the world’s largest defence importer etc.

Body-

Highlight some of the features of LCA Tejas and its state of the art technology. Then, enumerate the significant advantages that LCA Tejas will bring to India’s defence capability vis-à-vis Pakistan and China.
Then list down some of the issues and constraints that still hamper India’s LCA programme and defence indigenization in general.

For further reference you can refer to The week, News18

Conclusion

Based on your analysis, form a fair and balanced conclusion.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Codes of Ethics and Citizen’s Charter

6. Can integrity and accountability amongst civil servants be enforced through measures such as the code of conduct and Citizen’s charter? Analyze (10M)

Structure of the question

Introduction

Define the terms integrity and accountability

Body

  • Highlight the salient features of the code of conduct and citizen’s charter in a brief manner
  • Debate whether the above could achieve integrity and accountability in our civil servants.
  • Provide a way forward to address the negative challenges associated with the above measures

Conclusion

Conclude in an optimistic manner

 

Topic: Ethics and human interface- Ethics in private and public relationships

7. Highlight the differences between professional and personal ethics? Discuss the factors that determine the professional ethics of an individual in society. (10M)

Structure of the question

Introduction

Define ethics in a brief manner

Body

  • Mention the various differences that exist between professional and personal ethics
  • Explain the various factors that influence professional ethics in an enterprise. Ex: role of leadership, history of the company etc.
  • You can use examples of companies such as Tata, Infosys, ISRO etc. to justify your arguments.
  • Also, highlight how negative factors can have an impact on professional ethics. Ex: Corruption in public enterprises

Conclusion

Conclude in a way so as to suggest what could be done to positively develop professional ethics in an enterprise


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