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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 January 2022

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The art of numismatics helps in deciphering the achievements of an empire in India. Discuss. (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: New Indian Express

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how numismatics helps in deciphering the achievements of an empire.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly describe the art of numismatics.

Body:

In the first part, trace the evolution of numismatics, from the period of ancient history until modern. Briefly describe various features of coins in the time of Indo ‘Greeks, Guptas, Cholas, Sultanates, Mughals, etc like secular themes, religious, etc. Also, state the importance given to standardization of currency.

Next, mention how numismatics helps in deciphering the achievements of various empires along with examples. Mention both pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating the importance of numismatics and its importance in present times.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies

2. In relevance to the Constitutional provisions, do you think India is rightly described as ‘an indestructible union of destructible states’? Comment, highlighting the instances where these provisions were implemented in post-Independent India. (250 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: Polity by M. Laxmikanth

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable

Key Demand of the question:

Mention the constitutional provisions relating to the Parliamentary powers to reorganise new states, along with the instances when this was done in post-Independent India

Directive word:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the topic and form an overall opinion thereupon

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on the constitutional provisions-Article Numbers, schedule, historical references if any

Body:

First, focus on the detailed provisions relating to the statement in question

Then, attempt to form opinion on the statement given in question and elaborate on it

Further, mention the instances where these powers under constitutional provisions were exercised by Parliament in Post-Independent India

Conclusion:

A relevant closing statement

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

3. Critically analyse the consonance of the ‘Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019’ with the Indian Constitution. (250 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable

Key Demand of the question:

The holistic analysis of the CAA

Directive word:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on CAA, and the background for passing such an act

Body:

First, focus on the provisions/objectives of CAA

Then, analyse the positive aspects relating to it – how it is in sync with constitutional provisions

Further, analyse how CAA is not in accordance with constitution

Mention, way forward as to how it can be tweaked/further amended, along with recommendations, if any

Conclusion:

A relevant closing statement

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. India is in the mid of an unprecedented expansion in the renewable energy sector. In this context, examine its negative impact on ecology and human livelihood. How can we mitigate those impacts? (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains the negative impact as well as opportunities for a sustainable renewable transition for India.

Key Demand of the question:

Examine the negative implications of the expansion of renewable energy. Suggest ways to mitigate it. Substantiate your answer with examples

Directive word:

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction of the status of renewable energy presently deployed as well as future plans of India

Body:

Give a detailed description of various negative implications of the unhindered expansion of renewable energy such as solar, wind, etc. For example, impact on biodiversity-rich Open Natural Ecosystems (ONE).

In the next part, give innovative suggestions, including what the government is doing, for mitigation of the negative impact e.g. use of Roof-top Solar Panels or use of Agrivoltaics on degraded agricultural land.

Conclusion:

You may conclude by:

While it is true that renewable energy projects seek to reduce our reliance on an energy economy pivoted on fossil fuels, more attention needs to be paid to how and where these projects are established and the impact these have on ecology and human life.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Cryptocurrencies are said to empower people on one hand but at the same time create regulatory hurdles on the other. In light of the statement discuss the pros and cons of banning cryptocurrencies. (250 Words) 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The government has recently proposed that cryptocurrencies be banned but crypto assets be legalised and strongly regulated.

Key Demand of the question:

Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of banning cryptocurrencies.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly describe what are Cryptocurrencies and the current debate about their use.

Body:

Give a description of how cryptocurrencies can be a tool for empowerment e.g. it is a great opportunity for poorly banked countries. Then, go on to briefly describe how it creates regulatory hurdles such as misuse of cryptocurrency is hard to detect.

Then next, enumerate some pros of banning (e.g. it will prevent money laundering using crypto) and cons (e.g. it will give a tech-unfriendly image for India)

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced view about the use of cryptocurrency.

 


General Studies – 4


 

6. “Gandhi ji’s philosophy on education emphasized not just on merely educating the child but emphasized on education which makes the child endeavor for the large-scaled welfare of humanity”. Comment (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question?

Efforts by the government in recent times (NEP, 2020) to transform Indian education to make it globally competitive; structural issue with Indian education (rote-learning, becoming more mechanical and selfish in recent times).

Structure of the answer

Introduction

Highlight the main characteristics (excessive competition, selfishness, value-less) of present education in a brief manner and how it affects society.

Body

Throw light on Gandhi’s views on the system of education that he envisioned for India. Ex: Focus on handicraft education, teaching children to be self-sufficient, selfless) etc. and how it can help India to realize the objective of building a happy and inclusive India.

Conclusion

Conclude how we can include these values in our education system

 

7. Discuss how Basavanna’s philosophy is still relevant in contemporary Indian society. (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question?

Karnataka’s efforts to unveil a 210 ft statue of Basavanna’s statue in the state

Structure of the answer

Introduction

Highlight the most important or underlying value in Basavanna’s philosophy. Ex: Egalitarianism

Body

Highlight the teachings of Basavanna and how it helps to address issues in the present society in multiple domains. E.g.: Work, gender equality, the role of compassion in religion, against caste discrimination, etc.

Conclusion

Conclude what can be done to throw more awareness and spread these messages in the society in the present times.


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