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The launching of SMILE (Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise) is just a first step in the long journey of ending historical marginalization of transgender community. Comment.

Topic: Social empowerment

1. The launching of SMILE (Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise) is just a first step in the long journey of ending historical marginalization of transgender community. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE – Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”, which includes subscheme – ‘Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in the act of Begging’

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the measures needed to mainstream transgender community in India.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic about amount of transgenders in India.

Body:

First, mention the issues faced by the transgender community – marginalization, forced sex work, stigma, begging, lack of rights, lack of rehabilitation etc.

Next, write about SMILE – Scheme for marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and enterprise. Mention its features, its pros and cons.

Next, mention as to why just few schemes are not enough and needs a much more holistic and concerted action to overcome historic marginalization.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.