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Rani Lakshmibai:

GS Paper 1:

Topics Covered: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

 

Context:

The Jhansi Railway Station in Uttar Pradesh will be known as Veerangana Lakshmibai Railway Station.

 

Procedure to change the name of a railway station:

  • The Uttar Pradesh government had earlier sent a proposal about renaming the station to the Union Home Ministry.
  • The ministry consents to a name change of any station or place after obtaining no-objections from the Union Ministry of Railways, Survey of India, and the Department of Posts.
  • These organisations confirm that there is no town or village in their records with a name that is similar to the proposed name.
  • Once the name change is approved following an executive order, the Ministry of Railways will change the station code accordingly.

 

Current Affairs

 

About Rani Lakshmibai:

  • Born on November 19, 1828, as Manikarnika Tambe in Varanasi, UP.
  • Rani was married to the King of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Newalkar in 1842.

 

The war between the British and Rani Lakshmibai:

  • She had a son Damodar Rao, who died within four months of his birth. Following the death of the infant, her husband adopted a cousin’s child Anand Rao, who was renamed Damodar Rao a day prior to the death of the Maharaja.
  • Lord Dalhousie refused to acknowledge the child and applied the Doctrine of Lapse, and annexed the state. However, the Rani refused to accept Lord Dalhousie’s decision.
  • This led to a fight between the two. The Rani of Jhansi gave a tough fight to the British during the two weeks siege of the city.
  • She fought bravely against the British and gave a tough fight to Sir Hugh Rose so as to save her empire from annexation. She died fighting on the battlefield on June 17, 1858.

 

What was the Doctrine of Lapse?

The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy followed widely by Lord Dalhousie when he was India’s Governor-General from 1848 to 1856.

  • According to this, any princely state under the direct or indirect (as a vassal) control of the East India Company where the ruler did not have a legal male heir would be annexed by the company.
  • As per this, any adopted son of the Indian ruler could not be proclaimed as heir to the kingdom. This challenged the Indian ruler’s long-held authority to appoint an heir of their choice.

 

Insta Curious:

When the Indian National Army started its first female unit (in 1943), it was named after the valiant queen of Jhansi.

Sources: Indian Express.