Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
1. What was Apartheid? How did South Africa overcome the Apartheid? Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who has died aged 90. A contemporary of Nelson Mandela, Archbishop Tutu was one of the driving forces behind the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about Apartheid and how south Africa overcame it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by writing a defining Apartheid.
First, discuss the various discriminatory features of Apartheid against the Africans.
Next, discuss contributions and the struggle of Nelson Mandela in decolonization and fight against Apartheid in South Africa. Highlight how Mandela was influenced by Gandhiji’s principles of Non-violence.
Next, mention the role of foreign support in ending Apartheid.
Conclude by mentioning the lessons for present day from Africa’s struggle against Apartheid.