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The need to understand how the biosphere functions has never been greater as we face dearth of natural resources and it is vital to sustainable development. Analyse.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. The need to understand how the biosphere functions has never been greater as we face dearth of natural resources and it is vital to sustainable development. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the importance of biosphere functions in sustainable development.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin defining sustainable development.

Body:

First, mention briefly various functions of biosphere. Give various instances of depleting natural resources. Cite earth overshoot day to substantiate.

Next, bring out the impact of the same – The increase in human population levels and the harvesting of more of Earth’s natural resources has led to overexploitation. Human activities are causing major alterations to the patterns of energy flow and nutrient cycling through ecosystems, and these activities are eliminating populations and species.

Next, mention how the above can be incorporated to achieved sustainable development.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.