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Montreal Protocol’s accomplishments are unprecedented and it continues to provide an inspiring example of what international cooperation at its best can achieve. Elaborate.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Montreal Protocol’s accomplishments are unprecedented and it continues to provide an inspiring example of what international cooperation at its best can achieve. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Environment by Shankar

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the achievements of Montreal protocol.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing about the Vienna Convention and subsequent Montreal Protocol.

Body:

In the first part, write the reasons which make Montreal protocol most successful global climate treaty – negotiations, funds, universal ratification, clear articulation and innovation in substitutes etc.

Next, write about the India’s performance – phasing out Chlorofluorocarbon, Ratifying Kigali Amendment to Montreal Protocol, Hydrochlorofluorocarbons Phase out Management Plan (HPMP) etc. Cite stats with respect to India’s performance and mention its shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the need to learn from the success of Montreal and emulate elsewhere.