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Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) prevents overexploitation of many vulnerable species as a result of unregulated international trade but needs an integrated and holistic approach to be further effective. Analyse.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) prevents overexploitation of many vulnerable species as a result of unregulated international trade but needs an integrated and holistic approach to be further effective. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough.

Reference: Environment by Shankar

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the aim and the working of the CITES as well suggest further improvements.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning about CITES and its aims and objectives.

Body:

First, Write about working of the CITES works by subjecting international trade in specimens of selected species to certain controls. All import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of species covered by the Convention has to be authorized through a licensing system. Each Party to the Convention must designate one or more Management Authorities in charge of administering that licensing system and one or more Scientific Authorities to advise them on the effects of trade on the status of the species. Mention three Appendices of CITES.

Next, write about criticism faced by CITES- e.g many of its member countries lack the strong governance needed to effectively enforce CITES restrictions; Treaty is often criticised for being open to influence by political or emotional motives; The “classic” approach to wildlife protection – law enforcement and protected areas – is holding back conservation in developing countries etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.