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Central Asia is not only a key stakeholder in Afghan crisis but with proper geopolitical calibration, it can emerge as a key partner for India to deal with the crisis. Discuss.

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. Central Asia is not only a key stakeholder in Afghan crisis but with proper geopolitical calibration, it can emerge as a key partner for India to deal with the crisis. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressThe Hindu

Why the question:

The third India-Central Asia Dialogue convened by External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar on Sunday is one in a series of timely connections to the region by New Delhi this year, spurred in some measure by events in Afghanistan.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about strategic importance of central asia to India to deal with the recent changes in Afghanistan.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of historical context of India’s relations with central Asia.

Body:

In the first part, mention the economic considerations of India in that region – India for priority development projects in energy, healthcare, connectivity, IT, agriculture, education, etc. India’s ‘Connect Central Asia Policy’, role of INSTC and Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in the above-mentioned aspects.

Next, write about long-term security threats emanating out of the region especially in regard to the recent changes witnessed in Afghanistan.

Next, write about the various geopolitical currents in the region and steps that are needed to make central Asian countries a key partner to tide over Afghan crisis.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to strengthening of India-Central Asia ties.