Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
3. Tribal groups are at different stages of social, economic and educational development, hence one size fits all approach will not work. Evaluate the various policies aimed at the development of tribal communities in India. ( (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled a series of welfare schemes for the tribals or adivasis on what is now being called Janajatiya Gaurav Diwas.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the various policy measures for tribal development and its success and limitations.
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence. You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.
Structure of the answer:
Start introduction by giving the diversity of tribes in India. Give statistic of tribal population in India.
First, elaborate up on tribal groups who are at different stages of social, economic and educational development. Cite examples of PVTG’s etc. Mention various issues that tribals in India face.
Next, Write about the different measures and recent schemes by Govt. for tribal development such as FRA, PESA, Tribal sub plan approach, Van bandhu scheme, Eklavya scheme, etc. Also add the various recently launched schemes.
Next, evaluate the successes and limitations of the above.
Conclude with a way forward to achieve better outcomes tribal development.