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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 December 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Why is the Vijayanagara period considered as the golden age of literature in south India? Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: New Indian Express

Why the question:

While Vijayanagara Empire reached it’s literary zenith under reign of  Sri Krishna Deva Raya,  there have been many literary greats who flourished under various rulers, most of whom were patrons of  art and architecture.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about literary advancement during Vijayanagar period.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the Vijayanagar rulers were great patrons of art and architecture.

Body:

In detail, write about development of Kannada, Telugu, Sanskrit and Tamil literature who wrote in the Jain, Virashaiva and Vaishnava traditions.

Next, write about the period produced hundreds of works on all aspects of Indian culture, religion, biographies, Prabhandas (stories), music, grammar, poetics and medicine. Mention various poets and saints and their most famous works.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the about Vijayanagara period as the golden age of literature in south India.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. The observations of Fa-hien helps us understand the social and religious condition of ancient India. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

a Buddhist monk from China, Fa-Hien, decided to come to the land of the Buddha in 399/400 CE. Fa-Hien reported with great detail all the Buddhist sites and symbols that he encountered. Fourteen hundred years later, Alexander Cunningham, the father of India’s archaeology, followed Fa-Hien’s trails to uncover the sites.

Key Demand of the question:

To Discuss in detail socio-religious observations made by Fa-hien.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing a brief about Fa-hien the Chinese pilgrim who visited India.

Body:

Write in detail about various socio-religious observations of fa-hien – caste system, untouchability, major religions, customs and traditions, important cities and architecture etc.

Next, mention certain limitation of Fa-hien’s account.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the historical importance of Fa-Hien’s work.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

3. India’s substantive engagement of the past with Afghanistan was aimed at the realisation of a stable polity and it remains the most viable option as Afghanistan enters a new phase in its turbulent political evolution. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

New Delhi’s decision to send a consignment of medicines to Afghanistan is another sign that the government is now coming around to the reality of the Taliban regime in Kabul and is finding ways to reach out to them.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the course of action India must pursue to protect its interests in Afghanistan in the wake of Taliban takeover of Afghanistan.

Directive word:

 Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the providing context as to the paradigm shift of political power in Afghanistan and its impact on India.

Body:

In brief, using a flow chart, trace the Indo-Afghan relationship till date.

Write about the strategic interests of India in Afghanistan – India’s trade and investment, India and Afghanistan strategic partnership, India’s development portfolio in Afghanistan, gateway to Central Asia and Linkages with Iran especially the Chabahar port etc.

Next, suggest reasons as to why India must diplomatically engage with Taliban and incorporate new changes to his Afghan Policy. This part must be written comprehensively and must cover protecting strategic interests, the Pakistan angle, Recognition by international powers and need to be proactive in geo-politics.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward which summarises that India needs to engage in order to protect its own interests.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Co-operative banks in India form the backbone for delivery of credit to rural areas. However, for cooperative banks to be regulated and supervised better, RBI needs to ramp up its supervisory capacity. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Shaktikanta Das on Sunday indicated that the banking regulator will ring in sweeping regulatory changes to reform urban co-operative banks that have been plagued by a spate of failures, and warned people against parking their savings in banks offering high returns.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the aims and objectives of setting up Co-operative banks.

Body:

In the first part, mention the various advantages of Co-operative banks in India, especially with respect to disbursal of rural credit.

Next, bring out the various issues with Co-operative banks – cite examples of PMC bank and similar other failures.

Next, write about need for RBI to ramp up its supervisory capacity – strict monitoring to ensure that only persons with impeccable credentials promote banks, higher capital adequacy and liquidity norms, mandatory annual credit rating, making public the annual RBI inspection reports and

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way for strict and unambiguous regulatory supervision of RBI over banking.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Conservation of biodiversity is crucial not only because it provides several goods and services necessary for human survival, but also because it is directly linked with providing livelihoods to local people. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of biodiversity conservation in light of the services it provides.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining biodiversity.

Body:

First, Write about the reasons as to why Biodiversity is important to humans. Economic—biodiversity provides humans with raw materials for consumption and production, Ecological life support, Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity, Cultural and scientific.

Next, bring out the link of biodiversity and many livelihoods – such as those of farmers, fishers and timber workers, are dependent on biodiversity. Give specific examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the importance of biodiversity.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. Conflict between people and animals is one of the main threats to the continued survival of many species. Analyse the causes behind rising cases of man-animal conflict. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy.

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the major causes for rising cases of man-animal conflict.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with what you understand by Man-Animal conflicts.

Body:

Start by explaining what you understand by man-animal conflicts. Discuss what the main causes of man wildlife conflict are – The cause of human wildlife conflict was human settlement, agricultural expansion, illegal grass collection, over grazing by livestock and deforestation in national park. As a result, local communities disliked wildlife inhabiting in and around their surroundings. human population growth and expansion, habitat degradation and fragmentation, land use transformation and increasing densities of livestock grazing in protected areas are considered as major causes of man-carnivore conflicts.

Write about the various government policies and programmes in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issue.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

7. The Categorical Imperative is supposed to provide a way for us to evaluate moral actions and to make moral judgments. Discuss. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference:  plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evaluative aspect of Kantian Categorical Imperative.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining Categorical Imperative of Emmanuel Kant.

Body:

Begin the body by explaining in detail about your understanding of Categorical Imperative with examples. You can use simple but effective examples to put forward your ideas regarding Universal Moral Law etc.

Next, mention how it provides a framework of judging moral right actions from the wrong ones.

Conclusion:

Give a concise summation of your views to conclude the answer.


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