Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
3. What is a Uniform Civil Code? Do you think the time is right for its introduction? Critically analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The Government refrained from commenting on a Supreme Court notice issued to it on a petition that seeks directions to the respondents to take steps to remove anomalies on the grounds of divorce, maintenance and alimony.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about analyse the debate regarding introduction of the Uniform civil code.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining Uniform Civil Code (UCC) as per article 44.
First, explaining the aims and objectives behind UCC in India.
Next, discuss in detail the arguments for UCC in India – Mentioned in DPSP, uniformity of laws, achieving equality, simplification of law, progressive measure etc.
Next, discuss in detail the arguments against the UCC in India – Lack of consensus, against cultural diversity, right of minorities, tribal customs etc.
Conclude by giving a balanced opinion regarding UCC.