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It is not only the untreated sewage water and industrial effluents, but also the solid wastes and construction material discharged that have caused the suffocation of Indian water ecosystem. Analyse.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. It is not only the untreated sewage water and industrial effluents, but also the solid wastes and construction material discharged that have caused the suffocation of Indian water ecosystem. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy.

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the major causes of water pollution in India.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Initiate the discussion by highlighting the importance of water as a public good, its importance for life in general.

Body:

First, write about Over 70% of India’s surface and groundwater is contaminated by human and other waste and is likely to be polluted.

Next, write about the major causes of water pollution and analyse them.

Next, suggest steps to mitigate water pollution in India.

Conclusion:

Write a way forward.