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Renunciation of Indian citizenship:

GS Paper 2:

Topics covered: Indian Constitution- Significant feature- Citizenship.


Renunciation of Indian citizenship:


More than six lakh Indians renounced citizenship in the past five years, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) informed the Lok Sabha.

  • The reason for a large number of Indians surrendering their citizenship was not stated in the reply.


The citizenship act, 1955 prescribes three ways of losing citizenship:

  1. By renunciation:

Any citizen of India of full age and capacity can make a declaration renouncing Indian citizenship

  • Such a declaration may not be accepted during war.
  • Even the minor children of the person who renounces citizenship stands to lose their Indian citizenship. However, when their children attain the age of eighteen, he may resume Indian citizenship.
  1. By termination:

If a citizen of India voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another country, then he loses the citizenship of India However, this provision does not apply during times of war.

  1. By deprivation:

Compulsory termination of Indian citizenship by the Central government, in the following conditions:

  • Obtained the citizenship by fraud.
  • Citizen has shown disloyalty to the Constitution of India.
  • Citizen has unlawfully traded or communicated during the times of war.
  • Within 5 years of naturalization, the said citizen is imprisoned for a term of two years.
  • Citizen has been ordinarily resident out of India for a period of 7 years.

current affairs

Insta Curious:

Did you know that according to a Global Wealth Migration Review report, in 2019, India came second only to China when it came to high net worth individuals (HNIs) leaving the country?



Prelims link:

  1. Provisions related to citizenship in the constitution
  2. Acts and policies associated with citizenship
  3. Features related to citizenship Amendment Act, 2019
  4. Ways of acquiring citizenship and losing mentioned in the various acts
  5. Persons of Indian Origin (PIO)- features associated with.

Mains link:

What are the major concerns expressed against CAA, 2019?

Sources: the Hindu.