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Discuss the distribution and changing patterns of Iron and steel industry in India.

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

1. Discuss the distribution and changing patterns of Iron and steel industry in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To show the distribution of Iron and steel industry in India and changing patterns associated with it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


Begin by giving a brief historical account of Iron and steel industry during pre-independence in India.


First, write about how did Iron and steel industry in India develop post-independence. Use a small map to show important industrial regions in India.

Next, Explain that there has been a change in the sense that the main producers of iron and steel are predominantly developing countries that have replaced their developed counterparts who held sway in the industry till recently.

Next, Explain the reasons for the same such as – Industry is shifting towards market, towards a location that is a transport hub, shifting towards the industrial hub so that the produced steel could be consumed by other industries like automobile and heavy engineering at same place etc.


Conclude by summarising.