Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,
1. What is a flash drought? How is it different from a conventional drought? Discuss the steps that need to be taken to minimize its impact. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about flash droughts and ways to minimise their impact.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining flash drought.
First, write about the various causes of the flash droughts.
Next bring out the various differences between a flash drought and a conventional drought – duration, moisture, evapotranspiration rate etc.
Next, write about the impact of flash droughts and steps that must be put in place to minimise its impact.
Conclude with a way forward.