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What is a flash drought? How is it different from a conventional drought? Discuss the steps that need to be taken to minimize its impact.

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

1. What is a flash drought? How is it different from a conventional drought? Discuss the steps that need to be taken to minimize its impact. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about flash droughts and ways to minimise their impact.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining flash drought.

Body:

First, write about the various causes of the flash droughts.

Next bring out the various differences between a flash drought and a conventional drought – duration, moisture, evapotranspiration rate etc.

Next, write about the impact of flash droughts and steps that must be put in place to minimise its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.