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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 November 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

1. What is a flash drought? How is it different from a conventional drought? Discuss the steps that need to be taken to minimize its impact. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about flash droughts and ways to minimise their impact.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining flash drought.

Body:

First, write about the various causes of the flash droughts.

Next bring out the various differences between a flash drought and a conventional drought – duration, moisture, evapotranspiration rate etc.

Next, write about the impact of flash droughts and steps that must be put in place to minimise its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

2. Though Landslides are caused by Natural factors, but the increase in anthropogenic factors causing Landslides in alarming. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Class-XI NCERT: India Physical Environment.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the anthropogenic causes of landslides and to account for their increase in the recent past.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly introduce landslide by defining them. Give examples of some major landslides in the recent past.

Body:

Mention the natural factors behind the causes of landslides in India with a few examples. Mention the areas which are most prone to landslides. Draw a small illustrative map showing the same.

Next bring in the instances of human activity induced landslides. Bring forth the anthropogenic factors responsible for causing Landslides. Substantiate with facts and figures regarding the incidence of landslides. For eg:  a 2018 report from Copernicus Publications, which states that 18% of global human-induced landslide casualties occur in India. Mention the stats from recent NCRB report on casualties from Landslides.

Reason as to why the increase in anthropogenic induced landslides is alarming and cause of concern. Give solutions to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Social empowerment.

3. Examine the causes leading to the menace of child marriage in India. How can child marriage be prevented through a combination of Legislation, education and government action? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Reports suggest that more child marriages have been noticed during the Covid pandemic. However, data from the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS4) in 2015-16 shows that even before Covid, one in four girls in India was being married before 18.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of child marriage and measures needed to end it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic related to incidence of child marriages in India and how it has worsened during the pandemic.

Body:

First, write about the various causes leading to Child marriages in India – Poverty, trafficking, lack of education and awareness etc.

Next, mention how a combination of Legislation, education and government action can help curb this menace.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: population and associated issues

4. What are the causes of falling Total Fertility Rate (TFR)? Critically analyse India’s challenges as its fertility rate falls. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The data in NFHS 2019-21, the fifth in the survey series, shows the fertility rate at 1.6 per cent in urban areas and 2.1 in rural India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of falling TFR and the challenges it poses.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context from the NFHS-5 data.

Body:

First, write about the factors that have contributed to declining TFR are: Higher education, increased mobility, late marriage, financial independence among women and overall prosperity.

Next, possible challenges that the falling TFR may lead to.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to the challenges.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5. To put an end to child sexual abuse, the scope of the POCSO act must be enhanced not narrowed. Critically comment in the light of recent judicial rulings on POCSO. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The recent Allahabad High Court verdict that a penetrative sexual assault on a 10-year-old boy by an offender did not amount to an aggravated form of the crime appears to be per incuriam, that is, a ruling handed down without due regard to the law and facts.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of recent rulings of various higher courts on POCSO act and the need to enhance the scope of the act.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of POSCO act and its features in brief.

Body:

Firstly, mention the various issues with the act in the light of recent rulings – aggravated assault, skin to skin contact etc.

Next, mention other issues with the act – hurdles to historical abuse, lack of sensitivity, delayed reporting and lack of evidence to advance prosecution.

Next, write about the need to expand the scope of the act to end child abuse.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

6. The economic ravages of the pandemic have had an uneven impact on different socio-economic groups and needs immediate measures to rectify the same. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

There has been great chatter about a V-shaped recovery for quite a while, ever since the first lockdown following the novel coronavirus pandemic. The recovery we see today is more K-shaped than V-shaped, with various groups and industries recovering much more rapidly than their counterparts.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the uneven economic impact of covid pandemic suggest measures to rectify it.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of K shaped recovery.

Body:

First, write about the uneven impact of the pandemic and substantiate it with facts.

Next, bring out the implications of uneven impact on India.

Next, write about urgent practical measures that must be taken to rectify it and achieve inclusive growth.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Work culture, Quality of service delivery,

7. In your opinion, who is better suited to improve efficiency and moral culture in an organisation – a leader who is feared or a leader who is loved? Debate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To debate on the which type of leadership style is best – one which invokes fear or the one which invokes affection.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning the role of leadership in improving efficiency and moral culture.

Body:

First, write about the pros and cons of a leader who is feared. Cite examples.

Next, write about the pros and cons of a leader who is loved. Cite examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating you opinion on the type of leadership that is best according to you.


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