Topic: Social empowerment.
3. Examine the causes leading to the menace of child marriage in India. How can child marriage be prevented through a combination of Legislation, education and government action? (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
Reports suggest that more child marriages have been noticed during the Covid pandemic. However, data from the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS4) in 2015-16 shows that even before Covid, one in four girls in India was being married before 18.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the causes of child marriage and measures needed to end it.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving a statistic related to incidence of child marriages in India and how it has worsened during the pandemic.
First, write about the various causes leading to Child marriages in India – Poverty, trafficking, lack of education and awareness etc.
Next, mention how a combination of Legislation, education and government action can help curb this menace.
Conclude by writing a way forward.