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Who was Rani Gaidinliu?

GS Paper 1:

Topics Covered: Freedom movement and important personalities.



The Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’ is being built in Manipur’s Tamenglong district (Rani Gaidinliu’s birthplace).

  • The museum would help preserve and exhibit artefacts related to the tribal freedom fighters, involved in different stages of the fight against the British colonial rule like Anglo-Manipuri War, Kuki-Rebellion, Naga-Raj movements, among others.


Who was Rani Gaidinliu?

  • Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga spiritual leader.
  • Gaidinliu belonged to the Rongmei clan of the Zeliangrong tribe in the Tamenglong district of western Manipur.
  • Born on January 26, 1915.
  • At 13, she became associated with freedom fighter and religious leader, Haipou Jadonang, and became his lieutenant in his social, religious and political movement.
  • Jadonang, who was also a Rongmei, started the ‘Heraka movement’, based on ancestral Naga religion, and envisioned an independent Naga kingdom (or Naga-Raja).
  • Rani Gandiliu’s association with Jadonang prepared her to fight the British. After the execution of Jadonang, she took up the leadership of the movement — which slowly turned political from religious.
  • Rani started a serious revolt against the British and was eventually imprisoned for life. She was released after 14 years, in 1947.



Acknowledging her role in the struggle against the British, Jawaharlal Nehru called her the “Daughter of the Hills” and gave her the title “Rani” or queen.

  • Rani Gaidiliu was one of the few women political leaders who exhibited outstanding courage during the colonial period, despite limitations.
  • Unlike Jadonang, whose approach was inclined to be “millenarian”, Rani orchestrated for the need of an armed movement against colonial rule.


Insta Curious:

Did you know that in 1938, the Nikhil Manipur Maha Sabha, the first political party of Manipur during the British colonial rule adopted a resolution to free Rani Gaidinliu from prison?



Prelims Link:

  1. About Rani Gaidinliu.
  2. Haipou Jadonang.
  3. Heraka movement.
  4. Who gave her title the “Daughter of the Hills”?

Mains Link:

Write a note on the legacy of Rani Gaidinliu.

Sources: Indian Express.