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Who was Rani Gaidinliu?

GS Paper 1:

Topics Covered: Freedom movement and important personalities.

 

Context:

The Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’ is being built in Manipur’s Tamenglong district (Rani Gaidinliu’s birthplace).

  • The museum would help preserve and exhibit artefacts related to the tribal freedom fighters, involved in different stages of the fight against the British colonial rule like Anglo-Manipuri War, Kuki-Rebellion, Naga-Raj movements, among others.

 

Who was Rani Gaidinliu?

  • Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga spiritual leader.
  • Gaidinliu belonged to the Rongmei clan of the Zeliangrong tribe in the Tamenglong district of western Manipur.
  • Born on January 26, 1915.
  • At 13, she became associated with freedom fighter and religious leader, Haipou Jadonang, and became his lieutenant in his social, religious and political movement.
  • Jadonang, who was also a Rongmei, started the ‘Heraka movement’, based on ancestral Naga religion, and envisioned an independent Naga kingdom (or Naga-Raja).
  • Rani Gandiliu’s association with Jadonang prepared her to fight the British. After the execution of Jadonang, she took up the leadership of the movement — which slowly turned political from religious.
  • Rani started a serious revolt against the British and was eventually imprisoned for life. She was released after 14 years, in 1947.

 

Legacy:

Acknowledging her role in the struggle against the British, Jawaharlal Nehru called her the “Daughter of the Hills” and gave her the title “Rani” or queen.

  • Rani Gaidiliu was one of the few women political leaders who exhibited outstanding courage during the colonial period, despite limitations.
  • Unlike Jadonang, whose approach was inclined to be “millenarian”, Rani orchestrated for the need of an armed movement against colonial rule.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that in 1938, the Nikhil Manipur Maha Sabha, the first political party of Manipur during the British colonial rule adopted a resolution to free Rani Gaidinliu from prison?

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Rani Gaidinliu.
  2. Haipou Jadonang.
  3. Heraka movement.
  4. Who gave her title the “Daughter of the Hills”?

Mains Link:

Write a note on the legacy of Rani Gaidinliu.

Sources: Indian Express.