Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
5. Space debris pose a risk to space-stationed astronauts, other spacecraft that occupy low-earth orbits and launch vehicles destined for higher orbits. Comment on the need for a Space debris Mitigation Treaty (250 words)
Difficulty Level: Moderate
Reference: Live Mint
Why the question:
Recently Russia destroyed one of its old satellites by causing a tail-on collision with an ASAT rocket it had fired. It led to thousands of pieces of space debris.
Key Demand of the question:
Write about the risks posed by Space debris and how countries must act responsibly to mitigate the risk.
Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon
Structure of the answer:
Write about what are Space debris.
Write about recent instances and space tests by countries which have resulted into space debris and caused enormous damage.
Mention about India’s actions.
Write about urgent case for a strict international ASAT non-proliferation and test-ban treaty.
Conclude with a way forward.