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The U.S and China must ‘agree to disagree’ on their bilateral conflicts and work together to address the asymmetry between key challenges that are global. What role can India play in achieving convergence of interests between U.S and China? Analyse.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4. The U.S and China must ‘agree to disagree’ on their bilateral conflicts and work together to address the asymmetry between key challenges that are global. What role can India play in achieving convergence of interests between U.S and China? Analyse. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

As much as the virtual summit meeting between Presidents Joe Biden and Xi Jinping, spotlighted multiple points of continuing strategic dissonance between the U.S. and China, it equally appeared to underscore in their minds the need for them to find common ground on contentious issues including trade and tensions surrounding Taiwan and the South China Sea.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need of U.S find common ground on global challenges and India’s role on making it happening.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context of recent tumultuous relationship about U.S and China.

Body:

First. Mention the various bilateral tensions between the two countries – trade, regional tensions, formation of QUAD, AUKUS etc.

Next, mention the need to find common ground to ensure proper response to global challenges like – climate change, pandemic, supply chain logistics etc.

Next, write about the proactive role India can play and nudge both countries.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.