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The design of anti-poverty policies for the urban poor needs to be looked at in the context of overall urban planning and institutional frameworks. Discuss.

Topic: poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. The design of anti-poverty policies for the urban poor needs to be looked at in the context of overall urban planning and institutional frameworks. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Tamil Nadu government released its first-ever draft “Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy” for public comment. The draft policy aims to “ensure that slum dwellers are treated fairly and humanely when they are resettled from objectionable lands

Key Demand of the question:

To write about having a relook at urban poor with a new perspective of urban policies, urban planning and institutional frameworks

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving statistic about the numbers of urban poor in India

Body:

First, mention the various causes of poverty in Urban areas and how it is much more severe than the rural areas.

Next, write about the policy measures aimed at the Urban poor in India and there limitations.

Next, write about how proper urban planning and policies can help India achieve ameliorate urban poverty – inclusive neighbourhoods, better livelihoods and job opportunities etc.

Next, write about institutional framework to help urban poor – social security, food and nutritional security and rehabilitation and resettlement, Housing etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.