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River linking projects for the country are a great challenge and at the same time an opportunity to address the water issues. Critically analyse.

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. River linking projects for the country are a great challenge and at the same time an opportunity to address the water issues. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse in detail the pros and cons of the river interlinking projects in the country.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the answer by mentioning about aims of interlinking rivers in India.

Body:

First According to some, this is an engineered panacea that will reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts besides facilitating the generation of hydroelectricity for an increasingly power-hungry country.

Next, Discuss in brief the history of interlinking projects in India. Then explain the positives of such a policy.

Next, Discuss the demerits – financial viability, physical viability, will adversely affect land, forests, biodiversity, rivers and the livelihood of millions of people etc.

Discuss examples of successes and failures and suggest what should be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.