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In the age of climate change and water scarcity, micro-irrigation can help increase crop yield and decrease water, fertiliser and labour requirements. Analyse the issues in micro irrigation and suggest measures to address them.

Topic: different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage

5. In the age of climate change and water scarcity, micro-irrigation can help increase crop yield and decrease water, fertiliser and labour requirements. Analyse the issues in micro irrigation and suggest measures to address them. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy.

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Price controls and bureaucratic delays in scheme enrolment, field reviews and the reimbursement of subsidies, etc, have pushed Micro irrigation industry to the brink of collapse despite its importance

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of micro irrigation, issues in it and measures to overcome the issues.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic about the water scarcity and the crunch that we are facing currently.

Body:

First, explain what micro irrigation is – Slow application of water on localized volume of soil by surface drip, subsurface drip, bubbler, and micro sprinkler systems. Explain its importance for India – allows judicious use of water for a water stressed country like India. It also helps to save fertilizer consumption per unit of land etc.

Next, discuss the various issues present in micro irrigation industry in India – Price controls and bureaucratic delays in scheme enrolment, field reviews and the reimbursement of subsidies.

Suggest measures to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.