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Analyse the reason for high Gini co-efficient in India and its impact. What measures are needed to address it?

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. Analyse the reason for high Gini co-efficient in India and its impact. What measures are needed to address it? (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Recently the CJI commented that the divide between haves and have-nots is still a reality.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the indication of Gini Co efficient and its impact.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the factors representing Gini Co efficient.

Body:

Explain the various factors causing increasing inequalities in India such as education divide between the urban and rural population, inequalities in access to employment opportunities and other type of inequalities.

Next, discuss the impact of such inequalities on the national development, societal friction, hindrance to SDG’s etc.

Next, write steps to that are needed to be taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing an way forward.