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Climate Change Performance Index:

GS Paper 3:

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

The 17th edition of the Climate Change Performance Index was released recently.

 

About CCPI:

  • It is compiled by Germanwatch, the New Climate Institute, and the Climate Action Network.
  • It monitors climate mitigation progress of 60 countries and the European Union.
  • It aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables the comparability of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries.

 

Methodology:

Methodological approach and data sources

The CCPI assesses countries’ performance in four categories:

  • “GHG Emissions” (40% of overall score).
  • “Renewable Energy” (20% of overall score).
  • “Energy Use” (20% of overall score).
  • “Climate Policy” (20% of overall score).

Components_of_the_CCPI

 

Performance of various countries in the latest index:

  • The first three ranks of the overall rankings were kept empty because no country had performed well enough in all index categories to achieve an overall very high rating.
  • The first three ranks in the greenhouse gas emissions category, too, were kept empty.
  • In terms of greenhouse gas emissions, Sweden, Egypt, Chile and the UK are in the top 7.
  • Scandinavian countries such as Sweden achieved the best results because of their “outstanding” effort on renewable energy. Iran and Russia are ranked the lowest in this category.
  • Overall, Australia, South Korea and Russia and the United States are among the lowest performing countries along with Kazakhstan and Saudi Arabia.
  • China is ranked 37 overall and has an overall rating of “low”.

current affairs

 

Performance of India:

  • In the overall rankings, India is at number 10 with a score of 69.22. It is a high performer except in the renewable energy category, in which it is ranked “medium”.
  • The report says that India is benefiting from its relatively low per-capita emissions.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About CCPI.
  2. Features.
  3. Criteria.
  4. Performance of various countries.

Mains Link:

Concerns for India, areas for improvement and the need for the government’s active involvement in controlling climate change.

Sources: Indian Express.