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The Koeppen classification system is one of the most common climate classification systems in the world. Explain the criterial of classification and its shortcomings.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. The Koeppen classification system is one of the most common climate classification systems in the world. Explain the criterial of classification and its shortcomings. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about to Koppens climate classification scheme, major climate regions and then discuss its limitations.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about the comprehensive nature of classification of climate by Koeppen.

Body:

In the first part, explain the scheme in detail- make a table of the world climates and draw a rough diagram for illustration purposes. Write a few advantages of the Koppens climate classification scheme. 

Discuss its limitations. – estimated rather than measurable variables involved, symbol system difficult to interpret, other factors not taken into account, too simplistic etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that despite the above discussed limitations, it is one of the most widely used climate classification schemes, although with modifications.