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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 November 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. The Koeppen classification system is one of the most common climate classification systems in the world. Explain the criterial of classification and its shortcomings. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about to Koppens climate classification scheme, major climate regions and then discuss its limitations.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about the comprehensive nature of classification of climate by Koeppen.

Body:

In the first part, explain the scheme in detail- make a table of the world climates and draw a rough diagram for illustration purposes. Write a few advantages of the Koppens climate classification scheme. 

Discuss its limitations. – estimated rather than measurable variables involved, symbol system difficult to interpret, other factors not taken into account, too simplistic etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that despite the above discussed limitations, it is one of the most widely used climate classification schemes, although with modifications.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. How is the Savanna type of climate ecologically important? Examine the various threats to Savanna biomes. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about Tropical savannas or grasslands that they are associated with the tropical wet and dry climate type.

Body:

First mention that the Savanna climate provides for a diverse vegetation such as grasslands, hardy weather proofed trees and diverse fauna.

Next, mention different Savanna regions such as East African, Llanos, Pampas etc and how they differently impact their ecology.

Next, mention the various threats such as water logging, fire, drought, grazing etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that in the present context of Climate change it is imperative to address the threats faced by the Savannas and ensure ecological balance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

3. Analyse the role of Co-operative societies as an economic driver towards national development. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why the question:

This year marks 75years of Amul, the world’s largest milk cooperative.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the role of Co-operative society at the local level and how they can boost the economy on the national front.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the successful model of Amul as a co-operative society.

Body:

Mention the role of Cooperatives in linking the local business men/ farmer to the mainstream multi-million marketplace, giving the right forum to reap benefits of collective demand and supply in terms of financing, local level policy negotiations etc and promoting economic and social upliftment.

Further, this would also promote local interests and aligns our aatma nirbhar strategy

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the Co-operative model of Amul can be emulated in various other sectors with a push from the government for boosting the economy of our country.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Evidence suggests healthy food and improved nutrition improves learning ability, leading to better academic performance. Critically analyse the performance of PM Poshan Shakti Nirman Yojana in achieving the aforementioned objectives. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Key Demand of the question: To write about the importance of nutrition in improving learning outcomes and performance of PM Poshan Shakti Nirman Yojana in this regard.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of PM Poshan Shakti Nirman Yojana.

Body:

First, mention how healthy food and nutrition play a part in improving learning outcomes.

Next, write about the Benefits of the scheme, various positive implications and successes etc.

Next, write about the limitations of the scheme and Key issues with the implementation of the scheme.

Next, write about the latest changes, its expanded scope and what further needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Critically analyse the trend of shrinking of the Informal sector in the recent years and the necessary precautions to be taken up with this new trend. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

SBI says that the share of the informal economy may have shrunk to no more than 20% of the economic output from about 52% in 2017-18 post the pandemic.

Key Demand of the question: To analyse the impact of shrinking of informal sector in India and the necessary precautions to protects the employees in the unorganised sector.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the informal sector consists of “own-account” or unorganised enterprises employing hired workers for their businesses especially the small rural farmers and constitutes about 94% of Indian economy.

Body:

First, mention that with the introduction of kisan credit cards and digitisation drives and initiatives many of the agricultural activities are being formalised and also the GST regime has formalised the small businesses. This is a positive trend as it would give the benefit of economies of scale, use of technology etc.

Next, mention the harsh impact of the pandemic leading to many in the informal sector getting unemployed.

Next, mention the need for a robust policy to ensure there is smooth transition of businesses and employees from the informal to formal sector through upskilling, financing initiatives etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating the increase of formal sector is a welcome phenomenon provided that the people in the informal sector aren’t left behind but instead helped to have a smooth transition into the formal economy.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Protection of Dolphin is being given a national importance with the announcement of Project Dolphin. Discuss the significance of Dolphins in aquatic ecosystem and the threats they face. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question: 

Project Dolphin was announced by the Prime Minister in his Independence Day speech.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the threats faced by dolphins and ways to conserve them.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that Gangetic Dolphins are the national aquatic animals and the Indus river dolphin is classified as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Body:

First, mention that Aquatic life is an indicator of the health of river ecosystems. As the Gangetic dolphin is at the top of the food chain, protecting the species and its habitat will ensure conservation of aquatic lives of the river, improving the availability of fishes and enhancing economies of local communities through sustainable fishery.

Next, mention the threats such as construction of dams and barrages, and increasing pollution have led to a decline in the population of aquatic animals in the rivers in general and of dolphins in particular.

Next, mention the various steps taken to protect it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the conservation of keystone species is crucial to sustain the aquatic ecosystem.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

7. Despite the enduring popularity of utilitarianism as an ethical system, deontology is probably even more pronounced within our daily lives. Comment. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question: To compare and contrast deontology and utilitarianism.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining deontological ethics and its features.

Body:

First, write as to why utilitarianism is more acceptable and popular.

Next, write the limitations of utilitarianism and how deontological ethics have more moral sensitivity in our daily lives on basis of rules and laws it lays down. Justify with examples as to how it is part of our daily lives.

Conclusion:

Give a concise summation of your views to conclude the answer.


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