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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 October 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. How are air masses classified? Explain the process of formation of air masses? What is the impact of air mases on weather across the world? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the classification, process of formation and the impact of air masses in weather.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what air masses are and the chief characteristics of Air masses.

Body:

First, bring out the classification of Air Masses – various types, their characteristics.

Next, write about the processes behind the formation of air masses – essential conditions for formation of an air mass such as uniformity in meteorological conditions, ample time and plain topography which plays an assisting role.

Next, explain how air masses impact the micro climate – creation of an occluded front, maritime air masses causing rainfall, cyclonic and anti-cyclonic conditions etc. Give examples for these impacts on micro climate.

Conclusion:

Summarise the major impacts air masses.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. What is frontogenesis? Discuss the inversion of temperature across a front and its impact? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write frontogenesis, frontal inversion and its impact.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define frontogenesis.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various causes/factors for frontogenesis – Horizontal divergence/difluence, Horizontal deformation, Vorticity, Tilting effects, Adiabatic heating etc.

Next, explain the process of frontal inversion. Use a small diagram for better representation.

Next, write about the impacts of frontal inversion – rainfall, visibility etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

3. Critically comment on the new phenomena of ageism being crept into mainstream society and the view that higher aged population to be more of a liability than an asset. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the phenomena of age related stereotypes in the society especially in workspace.

Directive word:

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define ageism and its associated features.

Body:

Mention by stating the present trend of more entrepreneurs, innovators & business leads from the younger generation, that the elder generation is often seen as slower, change-resistant, expensive, and ultimately even useless. Mention about the elderly being neglected in many aspects including in their own families and in public policies. Mention about the need to recognise the wisdom and expertise of the so-called aged populace.

Write about the steps that are needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that we must have an inclusive approach to ensure a balanced, well-functioning society.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

4. Robust institutional mechanisms must be constituted in order to maintain the fine balance of public privacy and national security. Analyse this statement in the context of recent Pegasus controversy. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:  

Supreme court has ordered institutionalising a committee to investigate the alleged accusations against the government for the use of Pegasus spyware against its citizens for political benefits.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about trade-off between Public privacy and national security.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning about article 21 ensuring right to privacy as a fundamental duty.

Body:

First, mention that even fundamental rights are not absolute and needs to be reasonably restricted in the context of larger public good such as national security.

Next, bring out the need to institute a body that ensures that the breach of public privacy is only in case of absolute necessity and for a genuine cause. Mention some necessary features of the body needed to ensure the same.

Next, write about the need for accountability for any breach of privacy in the garb of national security.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the regulatory body would definitely help strike a balance between public privacy and national security

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5. Energy cooperation is one of the foundations of India and Russia relationship’s special and privileged strategic partnership but there is much more potential left to be harnessed by both sides in this aspect. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

At the 6th Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) in Russia’s Vladivostok, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a virtual address said, “India-Russia energy partnership can help bring stability to the global energy market.”

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Enerergy cooperation in India-Russia ties and steps that are needed to engage further.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the India and Russia relationship’s special and privileged strategic partnership and its various components.

Body:

First, write the historical context and development of energy cooperation between India and Russia. Write in detail various aspects and dimensions of energy cooperation between both ountires.

Next, write about the shortfalls and reasons for limited growth between India and Russia.

Next, write about steps that are required for deeper engagement and cooperation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6. Radicalisation is a major threat to internal security of the country. Examine the issue and the various counter radicalisation strategies to tackle it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

In a speech before the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, Prime Minister identified radicalisation as the greatest threat to the security and safety of all member countries.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the various issues associated with radicalisation and also the measures to counter the same.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating how radicalisation in the present times is very subtle, organised, programmed and structured.

Body:

First, bring out the root cause of the issue involving socio-political demands of the radical groups with few examples.

Next, mention the threats posed by the radical groups on the common public.

Next, examine the counter radicalisation measures to address the issue and few suggestions

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward to the issues mentioned above.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators.

7. Great teachers show you your greatness not their own. Justify with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

to develop a link between changing your attitude and changing your behaviour.

Directive:

Justify – When you are asked to justify, you must pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining a great teacher.

Body:

Mention the important attributes of a great teachers – compassion, integrity, emotional intelligence, Humility, leadership and communication. Use examples from India and the world to justify how great teachers create even greater pupils/ disciples.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by the life changing role of teachers on the society.


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